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Sentencing
Determinacy Type1: Indeterminate
Time Served Requirements:

Most Wyoming inmates receive indeterminate sentences; that is, the sentence contains a minimum and a maximum. Both the minimum and the maximum sentences may be reduced by the earning of good time, which may be awarded by the Warden for good behavior while in the prison. Good time credits may reduce the minimum sentence and the maximum sentence by up to 1/3. Thus, the typical inmate becomes eligible for parole after serving 2/3’s of the full minimum sentence.2

 

The Wyoming Department of Corrections has authority to remove or withhold good time credits off the minimum and maximum sentence for inmates who violate institutional rules or refuse to participate in rehabilitative programs.  The Parole Board has the authority to remove previously awarded good time and to restore previously withheld or removed good time.

 

Inmates with life sentences are not eligible for parole and can only become eligible if the Governor commutes their sentences to a term of years with a minimum and a maximum term, and they have served their minimum.

 

Inmates who are sentenced to life without parole under W.S. 6-10-301 cannot be paroled nor commuted.

 

Inmates who commit an escape, attempted escape, or assist in an escape, or who commit an assault with a deadly weapon on an inmate, officer, or staff, are ineligible for parole on the sentence being served when that offense was committed. This includes inmates who committed escapes as probationers at Adult Community Corrections facilities.3

Standard Good Time:

Both the minimum and the maximum sentences may be reduced by the earning of good time, which may be awarded by the Warden for good behavior while in the prison. Good time credits may reduce the minimum sentence and the maximum sentence by up to 1/3. Thus, the typical inmate becomes eligible for parole after serving 2/3’s of the full minimum sentence. The Wyoming Department of Corrections has authority to remove or withhold good time credits off the minimum and maximum sentence for inmates who violate institutional rules or refuse to participate in rehabilitative programs.  The Parole Board has the authority to remove previously awarded good time and to restore previously withheld or removed good time.4

Habitual Offender Law Types:
Three Strikes
Habitual Offender Laws:

§ 6-10-201. “Habitual criminal” defined; penalties.5

(a)  A person is an habitual criminal if:

     (i)  He is convicted of a violent felony; and

     (ii)  He has been convicted of a felony on two (2) or more previous charges separately brought and tried which arose out of separate occurrences in this state or elsewhere.

(b)  An habitual criminal shall be punished by imprisonment for:

      (i)  Not less than ten (10) years nor more than fifty (50) years, if he has two (2) previous convictions

     (ii)  Life, if he has three (3) or more previous convictions.

(Laws 1982, ch. 75, § 3; 1983, ch. 171, § 1.)
General Jail Cutoff (months):
12
Sentences To Prison:
A felony is a crime that can be punished upon conviction by a sentence of one year or more of incarceration. A misdemeanor is a lesser crime that cannot be punished by more than eleven months and twenty-nine days of incarceration.6  Offenders sentenced to one year or more (for a felony) are incarcerated in state prisons and offenders sentenced to less than a year (for a misdemeanor) are sentenced to county jails.

Correctional System
System Structure Type:
Separate
Prison Jurisdiction:
The Wyoming Department of Corrections (WDOC) was established in 1991 as part of the reorganization of Wyoming state government. WDOC assumed management of the four state penal institutions that had previously been under the administration of the Board of Charities and Reform, which was created in 1889, and the Department of Probation and Parole, which was created in 1941. WDOC continued to provide support to the Board of Parole until 2003 when the Board became a separate operating agency.7

The DOC is responsible for adult offenders sentenced by the courts to serve prison sentences, released to parole by the Parole Board, or placed on probation by the courts (including offenders from other states who transfer to Wyoming under the standards of the Interstate Commission on Adult Offender Supervision).8
Type of Facilities:

WDOC operates five adult prisons (four male facilities: the Wyoming Honor Conservation Camp and Boot Camp (WHCC) in Newcastle, the Wyoming Honor Farm (WHF) in Riverton, the Wyoming Medium Correctional Institution (WMCI) in Torrington, and the Wyoming State Penitentiary (WSP) in Rawlins; and one female facility: the Wyoming Women’s Center (WWC) in Lusk). The department also contracts with three adult community corrections centers (in Casper, Cheyenne, and Gillette).9

Private Prisons:
Admission Types:

COURT COMMITMENT

PAROLE REVOCATION, NEW FELONY

PAROLE REVOCATION, NO NEW FELONY

PROBATION REVOCATION, NEW FELONY

PROBATION REVOCATION, NO NEW FELONY

TRANSFER

Release Supervision
Post-Prison Supervision Jurisdiction:
State DOC
Supervision Jurisdiction:
WDOC is responsible for the statewide supervision of adult probation and parole offenders with 25 field offices across the state.10

The Wyoming Department of Corrections contracts with Adult Community Corrections Boards which in turn contract with a private service provider for the operation of adult community corrections facilities located in Casper, Cheyenne and Gillette.  The adult community corrections program provides housing and case management services for probationers, parolees, inmates, and Intensive Supervision Program violators who are administratively sanctioned by Field Services to participate in the ACC program as an alternative to probation or parole revocation.11  Offenders in ACC programs reside in the facility, but are required to maintain outside employment and pay room and board.12

Wyoming Board of Parole:  Grants of parole releasing inmates to community supervision with conditions to protect public safety and promote rehabilitation or to consecutive sentences or sentences in other states.13
Release Types:

COMMUTATION/PARDON

DEATH

DETAINER

PAROLE BOARD

PROBATION

UNCONDITIONAL
Supervision Types:

Parole

Probation


1 http://jrx.sagepub.com/content/14/2/1.abstract
2http://boardofparole.wy.gov/faq/faq.htm
3http://boardofparole.wy.gov/faq/faq.htm#What%20is%20ACC
4http://boardofparole.wy.gov/faq/faq.htm
5http://law.justia.com/codes/wyoming/2015/title-6/chapter-10/article-2/section-6-10-201/
6http://boardofparole.wy.gov/faq/faq.htm
7http://corrections.wy.gov/Media.aspx?mediaId=287
8http://corrections.wy.gov/Media.aspx?mediaId=287
9http://corrections.wy.gov/Media.aspx?mediaId=287
10http://corrections.wy.gov
11http://corrections.wy.gov/services/adult.html
12http://boardofparole.wy.gov/faq/faq.htm
13http://boardofparole.wy.gov/faq/faq.htm

Disclaimer: The information on the Fact Sheets has been assembled verbatim from the public sources referenced in the Fact Sheets. For some states, the Department of Corrections or Community Supervision has also provided additional information. Because this type of information is constantly changing, users are cautioned to research and verify website information independently.

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